There is no one-size-fits-all approach to achieving a sustained recovery from addiction. Everyone develops their addiction for unique biological, psychological and social reasons. The harm that addiction causes is specific to each individual too. Successful treatment incorporates multiple components targeting particular aspects of the illness and its consequences.
The first step is abstinence. For substance abusers, this may involve medically supervised detoxification to relieve the sometimes life-threatening physical effects of withdrawal. Some people in recovery may benefit from medication that re-establishes normal brain function, diminishes cravings or treats co-existing mental health problems.
Medication assisted therapies such as methadone, suboxone or vivitrol may be prescribed. Mental health therapy is another possible component in a successful recovery plan and helps with modifying attitudes and behaviors related to addiction. Common approaches include cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, couples and family counseling and working with a recovery coach.
Peer support groups can be an invaluable source of guidance, assistance and encouragement for individuals in recovery as well as for family and friends impacted by the addiction. Twelve-step programs like Alcoholics, Anonymous and its many offshoots are among the best known peer support options. Their approach doesn't work for everyone and meetings may be geographically inaccessible so alternatives such as smart recovery, moderation management, secular organizations for sobriety and others have evolved. Thanks to social media, many of them are online where they afford the added benefits of being available 24/7, allowing participants to remain anonymous.
The most important thing is to find a support structure that works best for the person in recovery. To learn more about recovery options, visit the website of Neworld. See this neworld detox centre review to learn more about them.